نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه فرهنگیان
2 دانشگاه فرهنگیان
عنوان مقاله [English]
The present study seeks to design an optimal model for improving the life skills of elementary school students. This research was qualitative and phenomenological regarding the method. The participants in the present study were experts in the field of primary education, who were selected through purposive sampling. The interviews were conducted with 15 people until theoretical saturation was obtained in the data. The instrument used in the research was s semi-structured interview and data analysis was performed using qualitative content analysis of interpretive type. The findings indicated that life skills training to elementary students is done in the form of three general areas of knowledge, attitude and skills, and by four elements of purpose, content, method and evaluation. In addition, the findings showed that knowledge, attitude and ability have mutual relationships with each other. It was also mentioned that the elements of life skills curriculum are in a cyclical relationship that starts from the goal and ends with the content and then with the method and finally with the evaluation and the results. The result of the evaluation in the form of feedback leads to the formulation and revision of goals. Overall, the research findings showed that in teaching life skills to elementary school students. The designed model also indicated that the elementary school stage is the period of developing foundation for personality-structure, and formation of intellectual, social and emotional development and human personality and development of basic and motor skills, so it is necessary to curriculum life skills, knowledge dimensions, attitude and skills should be considered in parallel and equally.