ماهیت و دلالت یادگیری مبتنی بر پروژه در گستره برنامه درسی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف مقاله، تبیین ماهیت و دلالت یادگیری مبتنی بر پروژه در گستره برنامه درسی می­باشد. در این نوشتار، یادگیری مبتنی بر پروژه از جنبه‌های مختلف مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. به طوری که ابتدا، مفهوم پروژه و یادگیری مبتنی بر پروژه توصیف و در ادامه ارتباط منطقی پروژه و برنامه درسی بررسی شد. سپس رویکردهای مختلف آموزشی ارائه گردید که به وسیله آن، وجه ماهیت و دلالت یادگیری مبتنی بر پروژه مورد تأکی د قرار گرفت. برای دستیابی به تبیین فوق از روش سنتز پژوهی استفاده شد که در آن پژوهش‌های مرتبط با یادگیری مبتنی بر پروژه با روشی نظام‌مند انتخاب، واکاوی محتوایی و دسته‌بندی شدند. در مرحله بعد 71 پژوهش که معیارهای مورد نظر را داشتند انتخاب شدند، سپس ترکیبی از یافته‌های آنان طبق اصول تلفیق، بازاندیشی و بازآرایی داده‌ها، ارائه شده است. یافته‌های این پژوهش با مشخص نمودن ماهیت و دلالت این نوع یادگیری نشان می‌دهد که با توجه به پیشینه نظری و تجربی موجود، این ایده به عنوان یک برنامه درسی می‌تواند قابل طرح باشد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Nature and Implications of Project-based Learning in Curriculum

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Yousefi 1
  • A Assareh 2
  • A Hosseinikhah 3
1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران
3 استادیار گروه مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

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