پدیدارشناسی تجارب دانشجومعلمان دانشگاه فرهنگیان از فرآیند آموزش و یادگیری در طول همه‌گیری کووید- 19

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه فرهنگیان

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌علوم ‌تربیتی دانشگاه فرهنگیان

چکیده

هدف از مقاله حاضر، واکاوی تجارب دانشجومعلمان دانشگاه فرهنگیان درباره فرآیند آموزش و یادگیری در دوره کووید-19 است. رویکرد پژوهش، کیفی و راهبرد آن پدیدارشناسی است. جامعه‌ی پژوهش کلیه دانشجومعلمان رشته علوم تربیتی دانشگاه فرهنگیان زنجان بودند که تعداد 15 نفر از آن‌ها با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند از نوع زنجیره‌ای، در تحقیق شرکت کردند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از مصاحبه‌ی نیمه ساختارمند (عمیق) استفاده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با روش تحلیل مضمون انجام شد. یافته‌های پژوهش در هشت مضمون سازمان دهنده، تجارب دانشجومعلمان را بدین شرح مشخص کرد: 1. وضعیت آمادگی‌ ذهنی، فرهنگی و روان‌شناختی دانشجومعلمان،2- وضعیت بسترهای آموزش و یادگیری، 3- وضعیت سواد فناوری دانشجومعلمان و استادان،4. وضعیت دسترسی­های دانشجو معلمان به منابع اطلاعاتی موردنیاز، 5. وضعیت محتوای برنامه درسی، 6. وضعیت فعالیت‌های یادگیری، 7. وضعیت راهبردها و روش‌های تدریس، و ۸. وضعیت راهبردهای ارزشیابی از آموخته‌های دانشجو معلمان.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Phenomenological Study of student-teachers’ Experiences on the Teaching and Learning Process during COVID-19 Pandemic at Farhangian University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rahmat allah Khosravi 1
  • nazanin ghasemi 2
1 Assistant Professor of curriculum studies Farhangian University
2 farhangiyan
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to explore the experiences of student-teachers about the teaching and learning process during COVID-19 pandemic at Teacher Training University. The research has been conducted with a qualitative approach and phenomenological strategy. The study population included all student-teachers in the field of Educational Sciences at the Teacher Training University of Zanjan, Iran. Fifteen of them were selected as participants in the study using purposive sampling. And semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. Thematic analysis method was used to analyze the data. The research findings were identified in eight organizing themes as follows: 1. Mental, cultural and psychological preparation of student-teachers, 2. Platforms for teaching and learning, 3. Technological literacy of student-teachers and professors, 4. Student-teacher access to required information resources, 5. Curriculum content, 6. Learning activities, 7. Teaching strategies and methods, and 8. Evaluation strategies from student-teacher learning.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Teaching and Learning
  • COVID-19
  • student-teacher
  • Experiences
  • Teacher Training University
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