مشکلات عملکرد حرفه‌ای آموزگاران دانش‌آموخته دانشگاه فرهنگیان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی گروه علوم تربیتی پردیس شهیدصدوقی دانشگاه فرهنگیان کرمانشاه و دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت آموزشی دانشگاه اصفهان

2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه اصفهان

3 کارشناس پژوهش و آموزش پردیس شهید صدوقی دانشگاه فرهنگیان کرمانشاه

4 مشاور مدارس در اصفهان

چکیده

این مقاله با هدف «شناسایی مشکلات و منشاء مشکلات عملکرد حرفه‌ای آموزگاران دانش آموخته دانشگاه فرهنگیان» انجام شده است. مقاله از نوع آمیخته با رویکرد ترکیبی و یک طرح تبئینی، با مدل پی­گیری تبیین­ها به اجرا درآمده است. جامعه آماری در این مقاله شامل 228 نفر دانش‌آموخته رشته آموزش ابتدایی از پردیس شهید صدوقی دانشگاه فرهنگیان کرمانشاه بوده است. حجم نمونه در بخش کمی مقاله طبق جدول مورگان 145 نفر بوده و ازبین افرادی از اعضا جامعه انتخاب شده­اند که از مهر 1395 در سمت آموزگار مشغول به تدریس بوده­اند. در بخش کیفی نیز نمونه‌ها به صورت هدفمند از بین مشارکت‌کنندگان در مرحله کمی انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات در مرحله اول پرسش‌نامه ترکیبی ودر مرحله دوم، مصاحبه‌های باز بوده است. روایی پرسشنامه بر اساس نظر اساتید و صاحب نظران تایید شده و پایایی آن نیزاز طریق آلفای کرانباخ 86/. بدست آمد. داده­های حاصل از پرسش­های باز و بسته پاسخ در جداول جداگانه طبقه­بندی گردید.مصاحبه با مشارکت کنندگان در گروه­های پنج نفری، از افرادی که در پرسش­نامه به مشکلات خاصی اشاره نموده و افرادی که در همان موارد فاقد مشکل بودند، اجرا شده است. هدف از مصاحبه گروهی تبیین دقیق­تر داده­های ناهمگون حاصل از پرسش­نامه در اثربحث و تعامل مشارکت کنندگان بود. در هر جلسه مصاحبه علاوه بر پژوهشگر، یکی از اعضا هیأت علمی گروه علوم تربیتی نیز نظارت داشتند. پس از سه جلسه مصاحبه در گروه­های پنج نفری اشباع نظری حاصل گردید اما به جهت افزایش اعتبار، مصاحبه چهارم نیز اجرا و در مجموع 20 مشارکت کنننده در مصاحبه شرکت کردند.برای تأیید روایی داده­های کیفی، نتایج حاصل از مقوله‌بندی داده‌های مصاحبه مورد تأیید همتا و مصاحبه‌شوندگان قرار گرفته است. نتایج به‌دست آمده از پرسش-نامه و مصاحبه‌ها نشان داده است که مهمترین مشکلات ادراک شده توسط مشارکت‌کنندگان در فرآیند عملکرد حرفه‌ای عمدتاً در مدیریت و ادارۀ کلاس، تدریس کلاس چندپایه و پایه اول، آموزش‌های تخصصی و تعامل مؤثر با همکاران و اولیاء دانش‌آموزان بوده است. منشاء این مشکلات از نظر مشارکت کنندگان عدم ارائه برخی عناوین درسی کاربردی، عدم مطابقت محتواهای آموزشی با واقعیت‌های موجود در مدارس، ضعف تدریس برخی اساتید، عدم ارتباط برخی از دروس ارائه شده با رشته دانشگاهی و مشکلات موجود در ارائه کارورزی در دانشگاه بوده است. مهمترین پیشنهادات مورد توافق مشارکت کنندگان عبارت بودند از؛ تجدید نظر کلی در برنامه و محتواهای آموزشی، ارائه دروس کاربردی مانند مدیریت کلاس، افزایش زمان و غنی­سازی برنامه کارورزی و دعوت از اساتید دارای تجربه تدریس در مدارس ابتدایی.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Professional Performance Shortcomings of Teachers Graduated from Teacher Training University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad sadegh karimi 1
  • Saied Rajaeepour 2
  • Haniei Shahsavar 3
  • Khaled Ghafori 4
1 Farhangian university Lecturer and Doctoral student of Educational Management student at University of Isfahan
2 Professor of Isfahan University Educative Sciences Department
3 exper of Research and Educational of Sadoogi Faculty of Farhangian university
4 isfahan School consultant
چکیده [English]

This research was conducted with the aim of identifying the shortcomings and the sources of problems in the professional performance of the teachers graduates from of teacher training university. This is a mixed method research with a combined approach and an explanatory plan, including a follow-up model. The statistical community in this study included 228 graduates of primary education from Shahid Sadoughi Campus of teacher training university of Kermanshah, Iran.
The sample size in the quantitative research section was 145 according to Morgan's table which have been selected from the members of the community who have been in the field since October 2016. In the qualitative section, the samples are purposefully selected from the participants in the quantitative stage. The data collection tool was a combined questionnaire in the first stage and open interviews in the second stage. The validity of the questionnaire was approved based on the opinions of professors and experts and the reliability was confirmed through Cronbach's alpha (%86). The data collected from open and closed questions were answered in separate tables. Interviews with participants in groups of five, from people who the questionnaire addresses specific issues and executes people who did not have a problem at the time.
One group was a more accurate explanation of the heterogeneous data obtained from the questionnaire on the effect of participants' discussion and interaction. In each interview session, in addition to the researcher a faculty member of the Department of Educational Sciences was present as a supervisor.
After three interview sessions in groups of five theoretical saturation was obtained. However, in order to increase the validity, the fourth interview was conducted and a total of 20 participants participated in the interview. To validate the validity of the qualitative data, the results of the categorization of the interview data were confirmed by peers and interviewees has taken. The results of the questionnaires and interviews showed that the most important problems were perceived by the participants,
In the process of professional performance was mainly in classroom management and administration, multi-grade and first grade teaching, specialized training and effective interaction with colleagues and parents of students. The source of these problems, according to the participants, is the lack of some practical course titles, Incompatibility of educational content with the existing realities in schools, poor teaching of some professors, Lack of connection to some of the courses offered by the university and has had problems in presenting internships at the university.
The most important proposals agreed by the participants were general revision of the curriculum and educational content, presentation of practical courses such as classroom management, increasing the time and enriching internship programs and inviting professors with teaching experience in elementary schools.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Farhangian University graduates"
  • "Professional performance"
  • "Vocational teachers"
  • "Teachers"
  • "Teachers' performance problems"
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